This was the first Mars lander designed after the bombshell from Mariner 4 that astronomers had drastically over-estimated how dense the Martian atmosphere was. They had figured it was a useful 85 hectopascals hPa , in reality it was an almost worthless 6 hPa just slightly better than a vacuum. By way of comparison Terra’s atmospheric pressure at sea level is hPa. The poor prior design that was rendered obsolete by the low atmospheric pressure was the Aeronutronic MEM The low atmospheric blow Mariner 4 dealt to the scientist was just the cherry on top of the sundae. Much more serious was the photographs. The scientists knew there could be no chance of images of scantily-clad Barsoomian princesses , but they were hopefull there would be some lakes and maybe even a canal or two. But nothing but a bunch of freaking craters? The scientists got a sinking feeling in their stomachs, as they could almost see the Mars exploration program go swirling down the toilet right before their very eyes. Once the taxpayers saw these photos the NASA tax dollars would dry up.


Introduction – FI Imperials – Technical Advice Here are nearly 3 years of email on the Imperial, primarily on fuel injection issues. This document is copyrighted and cannot be reproduced, except for personal use without written permission. Bob Schmitt, January 15, Subject:

Back to Home-Built Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Laser Sub-Table of Contents. Basic Home-Built CO2 Laser Information Introduction to Home-Built CO2 Laser The carbon dioxide (CO2) laser is the powerhouse for high tech industrial cutting and welding of metals and many other materials.

The celebrated train of was numbered M and was a yellow-and-brown lightweight passenger train, articulated and streamlined as a four-car trainset powered by a horsepower oil-distillate internal combustion engine. Diesel-electric switchers had been working in the switching yards of American railroads since , quietly racking up records for efficiency, economy, and availability.

Even earlier, Union Pacific and other roads had used gas-electric cars for light branchline passenger service. One of UP’s own officers developed the streamlined gas-electric vehicle design known as the McKeen car, which both UP and other railroads bought and used. Internal combustion diesel engines first came to UP in the mid s with the successor to M , in the form of the road’s second Streamliner, a lightweight articulated passenger train numbered M Separate diesel passenger locomotives began to appear with the arrival of the road’s third Streamliner, M , in The road tested diesel switchers in , buying its first diesel switchers during the following year.

But mainline passenger and freight traffic remained in the steady hands of dependable, though costly-to-maintain, steam locomotives. In the s and early s on Union Pacific, this meant s, s, s, and articulated engines for freight service, and s and s for passenger trains. Until the arrival of M and the Zephyr, almost no one, inside or outside the railroad industry, knew for sure whether diesels could withstand the rigors of mainline service, not in passenger service and certainly not in freight service.

M , as it turned out, became the first in UP’s fleet of passenger trains to which it gave the signature name “Streamliner. But they were equally convinced that only more and larger steam locomotives could meet the road’s need for high-speed freight service. This was a reflection of the corporate culture these men had grown up in, from a time before World War I, when a better locomotive simply meant a more modern steam locomotive.

The major steam locomotive builders embraced this thinking.

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Pumping less water in a hydronic system is the easiest way to save money on electric bills every month. Unfortunately though, it takes more than just a design calculation to make this happen. When the system is being designed, the designer can make adjustments to the flow rate by changing the heat transfer selection criteria for coils and radiators. The illustration shows how a typical pump and system curve react.

Exporter of Nautical Survey Equipment – Adjustable Compass, Antique Telescope, Brass Compass and Brass Telescope offered by Jupiter Scientific Company, Salem, Tamil Nadu.

The PLI may have the flexibility to execute the GA with either of the nodal agencies or with both the nodal agencies for providing subsidy to the eligible beneficiaries under the scheme. However, in the latter case, while claiming the subsidy from one nodal agency, the PLIs will have to give the undertaking to the nodal agency that they have not claimed subsidy under CLCSS in respect of the beneficiary unit from the other nodal agency as the case may be.

The subsidy forecast information for every quarter on or before 1 st March for April-June quarter, on or before 1 st June for July-September quarter, on or before 1 st September for October-December quarter and on or before 1 st December for January-March quarter, may be furnished as per prescribed format. The eligible PLI shall furnish details of release of subsidy to the beneficiary units, together with the request for replenishing advance money placed with PLI for release of subsidy, on quarterly basis on March 1, June 1, September 1 and December 1.

The requests of PLI for replenishment of advance money for subsidy, however, would be entertained by the nodal agencies only on receipt of complete details of subsidy released to the beneficiary units. The eligible PLI shall be responsible for ensuring eligibility for sanction of subsidy to the SSI units in terms of Government of India guidelines under this scheme and also for disbursal and monitoring of the assisted units.

Hdpe Pipes and Fittings

The Magnetic Coil – Flipper Bushing – solenoid coil sleeve data charts and this page’s Comments have all been moved. Pinball Medic needs coil information on the following: We need part numbers, coil resistance, wire turns and any other pertinent coil design information. This info will appear on a separate coil information page.

Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for SKIL Volt Flooring Saw at Read honest and unbiased product reviews from our users.

History[ edit ] The anemometer has changed little since its development in the 15th century. Leon Battista Alberti — is said to have invented the first mechanical anemometer around In following centuries, numerous others, including Robert Hooke — , developed their own versions, with some being mistakenly credited as the inventor.

In , John Thomas Romney Robinson — improved upon the design by using four hemispherical cups and mechanical wheels. In , Canadian meteorologist John Patterson January 3, — February 22, developed a three-cup anemometer, which was improved by Brevoort and Joiner in In , Derek Weston added the ability to measure wind direction. In , Andrews Pflitsch developed the sonic anemometer. It consisted of four hemispherical cups mounted on horizontal arms, which were mounted on a vertical shaft.

The air flow past the cups in any horizontal direction turned the shaft at a rate that was roughly proportional to the wind speed. Therefore, counting the turns of the shaft over a set time interval produced a value proportional to the average wind speed for a wide range of speeds. It is also called a rotational anemometer. On an anemometer with four cups, it is easy to see that since the cups are arranged symmetrically on the end of the arms, the wind always has the hollow of one cup presented to it and is blowing on the back of the cup on the opposite end of the cross.


Collins contract R A from The R A receivers have always been considered the paragon of electro-mechanical complexity. However, a methodical approach to the restoration of these ultimate performers will ease an otherwise difficult and time-consuming project. This web-article will go through the steps necessary for complete disassembly of the receiver to the individual module level. The thorough inspection and possible problems to look for in the Main Frame and each of the modules will be covered with individual sections.

Cures, Health & Wellbeing. For similar reasons as with supressed science, there are important facts and simple treatments for many dis-eases that are kept from the mass population.

Overview[ edit ] Typically a multi-tenant dwelling has either one master meter for the entire property or a meter for each building and the property is responsible for the entire utility bill. By fairly billing each tenant for their portion, submetering promotes conservation and offsets the expense of bills generated from a master meter, maintenance and improvements for well water systems, lagoon, or septic systems. Submetering is legally allowable in most states and municipalities, but owners should consult a Utility Management Vendor for assistance with local and state compliance and regulations.

Usually, utility submetering is placed in situations where the local utility cannot or will not individually meter the utility in question. Municipal Utility companies are often reluctant to take on metering individual spaces for several reasons. One reason is that rental space tenants tend to be more transient and are more difficult to collect from.

Nautical Survey Equipment

Using a small amount of compressed air as their power source, Super Air Amplifiers pull in large volumes of surrounding air to produce high volume, high velocity outlet flows through a fixed air gap. Quiet, efficient Air Amplifiers will create output flows up to 25 times their consumption rate. Both the vacuum and discharge ends of the Air Amplifier can be ducted, making them ideal for drawing fresh air from another location, or moving smoke and fumes away.

Also effective to cool, clean and dry parts or processes. Force and flow for the Adjustable Air Amplifier is changed by turning the exhaust end with the knurled ring loose to open or close the continuous air gap.

HDPE Pipe, Polyethylene (PE Pipe) are sorted by strength classified according to the intensity of the earlier technological Pipe pressure classes that can be made between Pn4-Pn32 and the production of the desired diameter and size of HDPE pressure pipe system has undergone many tests in , particularly in the carriage of drinking water.

Power Supplies A constant current source source can supply a fixed current to a load regardless of input voltage or load change. The LM is quite useful as a constant current source, works on a wide input voltage range, from 3V up to 40V. The circuit is rather simple, uses only one transistor and few passive components and performs well in terms of frequency stability, almost zero drifting after about 4 hours of continuous operation. With 12 volt DC it will deliver 1 watt RF power.

The most important parts of the oscillator are the transistor Q1 and the tuned circuit, which comprises the inductor Ll and the variable capacitor CV1. When the battery is first connected, a brief surge of current flows from the collector to the emitter of Q1, causing an oscillating i. An oscillating voltage therefore appears at the junction of Ll and CV1. The frequency of the oscillation depends on the values of Ll and CV1, so that varying the value of CV1 tunes the oscillations to the exact frequency required.

In order to achieve a high output level, you will need a well tuned antenna, and a large heatsink to dissipate the heat from T2 transistor. Transmitter was mounted in metal enclosure and works extremely well. Test and Measurement I finally got round to making my capacitor ESR tester this week after finding a nice simple 5 transistor version. I will not be going into much detail regarding ESR or Equivalent Series Resistance Meters as, there is already plenty of other sources of information on the subject.

Yet, every tinkering knows capacitors are guilty of a lot of sins in electronics.


This is Part I. Go to Part II. There have been significant changes to this particular web page! There are several sections in this website that you should read regarding track wiring. This section on track wiring, Part I, covers general wiring information, testing, and troubleshooting. Part II contains the actual wiring of track.

Water is a precious resource. Millions of people do not have access to clean drinking water, and as many as children die from water contaminated illnesses every day.

How to Calibrate Your DP Transmitter Custom Search To calibrate an instrument involves checking that the output of the given instrument corresponds to given inputs at several points throughout the calibration range of the instrument. However there are general guidelines you need to follow before you calibrate any transmitter: Ensure all the materials needed for the calibration are within reach e. Record and put down the following can easily be sourced from transmitter nameplate: Connect all the equipment needed for the calibration exercise in the appropriate manner.

Then connect them according to your connection diagram. A typical DP cell transmitter calibration diagram is shown below: For your application, this could be modified slightly. For example if the pressure source is a hand pump, you can easily control the pressure applied to the DP cell. However, if you are doing field calibration that requires the use of the actual process pressure, you will need a pressure regulator in conjunction with a pneumatic calibrator to help you control the pressure applied to the DP cell.

Most transmitter calibration done is a five point calibration.

Serves All the West

Rated current up to 10, A. Trip characteristics often fully adjustable including configurable trip thresholds and delays. Usually electronically controlled—some models are microprocessor controlled. Often used for main power distribution in large industrial plant, where the breakers are arranged in draw-out enclosures for ease of maintenance. Vacuum Circuit Breaker With rated current up to A, These breakers interrupt the arc in a vacuum bottle.

The pump manufacturer’s site will tell you what size pump is needed based on how deep your well is. They can also tell you what size wire to run based on the pump horsepower and well depth.

Share 0 Principles of Operation Thermal mass flow meters employ the thermal dispersion principle whereby the rate of heat absorbed by a fluid flowing in a pipe or duct is directly proportional to its mass flow. In a typical thermal flow meter gas flowing over a source of heat absorbs the heat and cools the source. As flow increases, more heat is absorbed by the gas.

The amount of heat dissipated from the heat source is proportional to the gas mass flow and its thermal properties. Therefore, measurement of the heat transfer supplies data from which a mass flow rate may be calculated. Thermal mass flow meters are designed to accurately monitor and measure mass flow as opposed to measuring volumetric flow of clean gases, a parameter that is not temperature dependent. Therefore, the thermal mass flow meter does not require a correction for changes in gas temperature, pressure, viscosity and density.

Thermal mass flow meters are suitable for a variety of processes requiring mass flow measurement and are frequently used for the regulation of low gas flows.

Flow Meters and Regulators: Good vs. Bad

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